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Outburst floods in China: A review
Liu Weiming1,2,4; Carling Paul A.3; Hu Kaiheng1; Wang Hao5; Zhou Zhen6; Zhou Liqin1; Liu Dingzhu1; Lai Zhongping7; Zhang Xinbao1
Corresponding AuthorLiu, Weiming(
Volume197Pages:UNSP 102895
Contribution Rank1
AbstractOutburst floods can have disastrous impacts on people, and are an important driving force in landscape change and have been studied widely on Earth. In China, although outburst floods have occurred frequently, there has been relatively little systematic investigation of the controlling factor. Here, we review outburst floods in China in terms of the characteristics, distribution, causes of dams and outburst floods. In terms of natural dams, landslides accounted for the majority (287 cases), followed by moraine dams (33 cases), which are mainly found on and around the Tibetan Plateau, and although other types (such as glacier and volcanic dams) were historically rare, many examples may be preserved in the geological record. In addition, there have been thousands of outburst floods from artificial-constructed dams, the majority of which were from small earth dams. The largest reliably recorded peak discharge for an outburst flood was 1.24 x 10(5) m(3)/s, which occurred in Yigong, Tibet. The peak discharge of the 1975 Banqiao collapse was 7.9 x 10(4) m(3)/s; the largest outburst flood of a man-made dam. Our recent investigations on the Yarlung Tsangpo in Southeast Tibet have identified gravel deposits that probably record megafloods and offer great potential for paleoflood analysis.
KeywordOutburst floods Natural dams Artificial dams Tibetan Plateau Gravel bars
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectStrategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDA 20030301] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[91747207] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41661144028] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41771023] ; Open Research Fund Program of the State Key Laboratory of Hydroscience and Engineering[sklhse-2018-B-01]
WOS Research AreaGeology
WOS SubjectGeosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000497253500017
Funding OrganizationStrategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Open Research Fund Program of the State Key Laboratory of Hydroscience and Engineering
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Cited Times:20[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorLiu Weiming
Affiliation1.CAS Key Laboratory of Mountain Hazards and Surface Process, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China;
2.The State Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention and Geoenvironment Protection (Chengdu University of Technology), Chengdu 610059, China;
3.Geography and Environment, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK;
4.China-Pakistan Earth Science Joint research Center, Islamabad, Pakistan;
5.CAS Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
6.Faculty of Geosciences and Environmental, Engineering of Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 611756, China;
7.Institute of Marine Science, Shantou University, Shantou 515063, China
First Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Corresponding Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liu Weiming,Carling Paul A.,Hu Kaiheng,et al. Outburst floods in China: A review[J]. EARTH-SCIENCE REVIEWS,2019,197:UNSP 102895.
APA Liu Weiming.,Carling Paul A..,Hu Kaiheng.,Wang Hao.,Zhou Zhen.,...&Zhang Xinbao.(2019).Outburst floods in China: A review.EARTH-SCIENCE REVIEWS,197,UNSP 102895.
MLA Liu Weiming,et al."Outburst floods in China: A review".EARTH-SCIENCE REVIEWS 197(2019):UNSP 102895.
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