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氮、磷、钾配施对黄花菜产量及2种蒽醌类活性成分含量的影响
Alternative TitleEffects of combined application of nitrogen,phosphorus and potassium on the yield and two anthraquinones of Hemerocallis citrina Baroni
高嘉宁1,2; 张丹1; 吴毅1; 曹龙武3; 戴巡3
2019
Source Publication天然产物研究与开发
ISSN1001-6880
Volume31Issue:9Pages:1624-1631
SubtypeArticle
Contribution Rank1
Abstract为探究黄花菜栽培种植时氮(N)、磷(P)、钾(K)肥的最佳施肥量,给黄花菜科学合理施肥提供依据。本试验以海螺沟本地黄花菜品种为研究对象,运用"3414"肥效试验方案,分别以N 13.5 kg/ 667 m~2,P_2O_5 40 kg/ 667 m~2,K_2O 15 kg/ 667 m~2为常规施肥水平,通过大田试验,研究氮磷钾配施对黄花菜主要农艺性状、产量和2种蒽醌类活性成分含量的影响。结果表明,合理的氮磷钾配施不仅能促进单株黄花菜生长发育的协调,而且能够显著提高其鲜花中的大黄酸和大黄酚含量;施用氮磷钾肥对黄花菜产量的增产效果明显,处理6(N_2P_2K_2)的产量最高,为1 727.73 kg/ 667 m~2,比不施肥处理增产457.90 kg/ 667 m~2,增产率达36.06%;施用氮、磷、钾肥对黄花菜产量影响的大小顺序为氮>磷>钾,氮肥增产效果最显著,磷肥次之,钾肥最差。一元二次肥效方程推荐的氮、磷、钾施肥量与本实验设计的最适施肥量相似,可以用于黄花菜实际生产施肥指导。综合考虑,在海螺沟地区推荐的氮、磷、钾肥最佳施用量分别为13.69 kg/ 667 m~2、31.53 kg/ 667 m~2和26.40 kg/ 667 m~2,获得的产量为1 678.98~1 763.31 kg/ 667 m~2。
Other AbstractThe study is aimed to provide the experimental basis for optimum fertilizer on field production,the effect of different ratios of nitrogen (N),phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) on growth,yield,rhein and chrysophanol compounds of Hemerocallis citrina were discussed. H.citrina was used as the research object,the "3414" fertilizer test was conducted with regular fertilization of NPK (N 13.5 kg/ 667 m~2,P_2O_5 40 kg/ 667 m~2,K_2O 15 kg/ 667 m~2).The results show that the suitable level of nitrogen,phosphorus and potassium could not only promote plant growing coordination,but also improve the accumulation of rhein and chrysophanol contents.Fertilizer application could significantly increase the yield of H.citrina,and it was 457.90 kg/ 667 m~2 and 36.06% was the highest increasing yield in treatment of N_2P_2K_2.The contribution efficiency of nitrogen,phosphorus and potassium fertilizer application was N>P>K.The best fertilizer recommended by the single factor fertilizer effect equation was N 13.69 kg/ 667 m~2,P_2O_5 31.53 kg/ 667 m~2,K_2O 26.40 kg/ 667 m~2,which could result in H.citrina yield of 1 678.98-1 763.31 kg/ 667 m~2.
Keyword黄花菜 "3414"肥料试验 产量 蒽醌类成分 最佳施肥量
DOI10.16333/j.1001-6880.2019.9.021
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:6582235
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/33551
Collection山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
山区建设与环境工程中心
Corresponding Author张丹
Affiliation1.中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所;
2.中国科学院大学;
3.四川省甘孜藏族自治州海螺沟景区管理局
First Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Corresponding Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
高嘉宁,张丹,吴毅,等. 氮、磷、钾配施对黄花菜产量及2种蒽醌类活性成分含量的影响[J]. 天然产物研究与开发,2019,31(9):1624-1631.
APA 高嘉宁,张丹,吴毅,曹龙武,&戴巡.(2019).氮、磷、钾配施对黄花菜产量及2种蒽醌类活性成分含量的影响.天然产物研究与开发,31(9),1624-1631.
MLA 高嘉宁,et al."氮、磷、钾配施对黄花菜产量及2种蒽醌类活性成分含量的影响".天然产物研究与开发 31.9(2019):1624-1631.
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