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US national parks accessibility and visitation
Shen Xing-ju1; Huang Rui-hong2; Zhang Jin-shan3
Corresponding AuthorZhang Jin-shan(
Contribution Rank3
AbstractAccessibility is a factor affecting national park visitation. However, the effect of accessibility on national park visitation is not fully understood. This paper examines the relationship between U.S. national park visitation and accessibility. First, the global and local accessibility indexes of each park unit are computed based on an accessibility model that takes into account the surrounding population and its proximity to the park unit. Integrated in the model is a distance decay coefficient that is derived from U.S. national park visitor surveys and therefore pertinent to the case of study. Then correlation analysis is performed between park visitation and accessibility based on park types, regions, and visitation types. Results show that total visitation is positively related to accessibility in National Memorials, Military Parks and Battlefield Parks/Sites but negatively related to accessibility in national parks and national monuments. However, recreational overnight stay visits are commonly negatively correlated to accessibility for almost all park types. Moreover, local accessibility index displays enhanced correlation coefficients with improved significance levels in many categories of analysis. Results suggest that historical/cultural national parks which often show positive correlations tend to attract more local visitors, but nature-based parks which mainly show negative correlations tend to attract more distant visitors.
KeywordU S National Park Accessibility Visitation Distance decay GIS
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectNational Nature Science Foundation of China[41401604] ; Central Universities Fund Project of Southwest Minzu University[2019SYB07]
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000502451800015
Funding OrganizationNational Nature Science Foundation of China ; Central Universities Fund Project of Southwest Minzu University
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorZhang Jin-shan
Affiliation1.Southwest Minzu Univ, Coll Hist Culture & Tourism, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan, Peoples R China;
2.No Arizona Univ, Dept Geog Planning & Recreat, Flagstaff, AZ 86011 USA;
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Mt Hazards & Environm, Key Lab Mt Hazards & Earth Surface Proc, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan, Peoples R China
Corresponding Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Shen Xing-ju,Huang Rui-hong,Zhang Jin-shan. US national parks accessibility and visitation[J]. JOURNAL OF MOUNTAIN SCIENCE,2019,16(12):2894-2906.
APA Shen Xing-ju,Huang Rui-hong,&Zhang Jin-shan.(2019).US national parks accessibility and visitation.JOURNAL OF MOUNTAIN SCIENCE,16(12),2894-2906.
MLA Shen Xing-ju,et al."US national parks accessibility and visitation".JOURNAL OF MOUNTAIN SCIENCE 16.12(2019):2894-2906.
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