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Slow Recovery of Major Soil Nutrient Pools during Reclamation in a Sub-Alpine Copper Mine Area, Southeastern Edge of the Tibetan Plateau, Sichuan Province, SW China
Chen, Yang; Zhang, Jifei
Corresponding AuthorZhang, Jifei(jifeizhang@163.com)
2019-12-01
Source PublicationFORESTS
EISSN1999-4907
Volume10Issue:12Pages:15
SubtypeArticle
Contribution Rank1
AbstractImprovement of soil nutrients is crucial for the long-term development and stability of restored ecosystems in mine areas. However, knowledge about the variation in soil nutrients and their influencing factors during the reclamation of sub-alpine metal mine soil is still scarce. We assess the status of soil organic carbon (SOC), total nitrogen (TN), N fractions, total phosphorus (TP), and available P in reclaimed soil at a copper mine site (2702 m above sea level) in the southeastern edge of the Tibetan Plateau, southwest China. The mine area had been reclaimed by distributing stockpiled topsoil (15 cm) in 2008, sowing seeds of ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) in 2009, and planting seedlings of A. ferdinandi-coburgii and Rosa omeiensis f. pteracantha in 2010. We found that, eight years after the reclamation, although the concentrations of SOC (24.3 g kg(-1)) and TN (2.21 g kg(-1)) in the reclaimed soil increased by 25% and 29% compared with the stockpiled topsoil, respectively, they only accounted for about half of the levels in the undisturbed topsoil. In contrast, the concentration of TP (498-570 mg kg(-1)) did not significantly change between the reclaimed and stockpiled topsoil. The concentrations of NH4-N (30.1 g kg(-1)), NO3-N (17.2 g kg(-1)), and available P (11.1 mg kg(-1)) in the reclaimed soil were 2.2, 1.3, and 1.6 times the levels in stockpiled topsoil, respectively, but still lower than those in undisturbed soil. The concentrations of microbial C, N, and P in the reclaimed soil had a similar variation pattern to the available nutrients. The soil C:P and N:P ratios and microbial biomass C:P and N:P ratios in the reclaimed soil were significantly lower than the levels in the undisturbed forest soil. The average accumulation rates of SOC and TN in the reclaimed soil were 85.3 and 11.4 g m(-2) year(-1), respectively. The rates are much lower than those of reclaimed mine soils with similar reclaim duration but better climate conditions. Relatively slow development of vegetation and soil microorganisms and leaching due to a freeze-thaw cycle controlled by the sub-alpine climate are likely responsible for the slow recovery of soil SOC and TN.
Keywordsoil organic carbon total nitrogen total phosphorus available nutrients ecological stoichiometry reclamation metal mine tailing
DOI10.3390/f10121069
Indexed BySCI
WOS KeywordMICROBIAL BIOMASS PHOSPHORUS ; DRY TROPICAL ENVIRONMENT ; OPENCAST COAL-MINE ; POST-MINING SITES ; ORGANIC-MATTER ; GONGGA MOUNTAIN ; DAMMA GLACIER ; QUALITY INDEX ; CARBON ; NITROGEN
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Key R&D Program of China[2018YFD1100104] ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences[2018407] ; Sichuan Science and Technology Program[2019YJ0008]
WOS Research AreaForestry
WOS SubjectForestry
WOS IDWOS:000507288400068
Funding OrganizationNational Key R&D Program of China ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Sichuan Science and Technology Program
PublisherMDPI
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/33706
Collection综合测试与模拟中心
山区发展研究中心
Corresponding AuthorZhang, Jifei
AffiliationChinese Acad Sci, Inst Mt Hazards & Environm, 9,Sect 4,South Renmin Rd, Chengdu 610041, Peoples R China
First Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Corresponding Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chen, Yang,Zhang, Jifei. Slow Recovery of Major Soil Nutrient Pools during Reclamation in a Sub-Alpine Copper Mine Area, Southeastern Edge of the Tibetan Plateau, Sichuan Province, SW China[J]. FORESTS,2019,10(12):15.
APA Chen, Yang,&Zhang, Jifei.(2019).Slow Recovery of Major Soil Nutrient Pools during Reclamation in a Sub-Alpine Copper Mine Area, Southeastern Edge of the Tibetan Plateau, Sichuan Province, SW China.FORESTS,10(12),15.
MLA Chen, Yang,et al."Slow Recovery of Major Soil Nutrient Pools during Reclamation in a Sub-Alpine Copper Mine Area, Southeastern Edge of the Tibetan Plateau, Sichuan Province, SW China".FORESTS 10.12(2019):15.
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