IMHE OpenIR  > 山地灾害与地表过程重点实验室
泥石流频发区典型乔灌植物根系的固土效应
Alternative TitleSoil Reinforcement Effect of Root Systems of Typical Plants in Areas with Frequent Debris Flow
陈文乐1,2; 杜鹃3; 方迎潮4; 王道杰1; 何松膛1,2; 兰惠娟1,2; 赵鹏1,2
2019
Source Publication水土保持通报
ISSN1000-288X
Volume39Issue:5Pages:32-39
SubtypeArticle
Contribution Rank1
Abstract[目的]研究泥石流频发区云南省昆明市东川区蒋家沟两种典型生态修复物种新银合欢(Leucaena leucocephala)和马桑(Coriaria sinnica )的根系固土效应,为当地生物工程的应用及泥石流治理效益的评价提供理论依据和数据支撑。[方法]通过根系挖掘法查明根系分布特征,开展根系拉伸试验分析单根抗拉特征,运用修正后的Wu-Waldron模型(RWM)计算两种植物根系对土壤抗剪强度的增加值。[结果]①新银合欢和马桑的根面积比RAR均随着土壤深度的增加而减小。②新银合欢根系构型为垂直型,马桑根系构型为横走型。③新银合欢根系的抗拉强度与根径之间无明显规律性,马桑根系的抗拉强度与根径之间呈递减的对数函数关系。④新银合欢和马桑根系对土体抗剪强度增加值均随着土壤深度的增加而减少,新银合欢根系固土深度约为1.4 m,马桑根系固土深度约为0.6 m。[结论]新银合欢和马桑根系均能显著发挥固土作用。由于根系构型、固土深度、固土方式等原因,二者的固土作用不同,可将二者结合种植,不仅有利于边坡的稳定,也可提高土体的抗冲性。
Other Abstract[Objective] The soil reinforcement effect of root systems of Leucaena leucocephala and Coriaria sinnica was studied in Jiangjia gully, Dongchuan District, Kunming City, Yunnan Province in order to provide a theoretical basis and data support for the application of local biological and engineering methods to utilize the control benefit of debris flow. [Methods] The distribution characteristics of root systems were identified using the root digging method, the root tensile characteristics were analyzed with the root tensile test, and the added value of the root systems of the two plant species to the soil shear strength was calculated using the Wu-Waldron model (RWM). [Results] ① The root area ratio of both L. leucocephala and C. sinnica decreased with an increase in soil depth.② The root configurations of L. leucocephala and C. sinnica were vertical type and transverse type, respectively.③ The relationship between the tensile strength and root diameter of C. sinnica roots was a decreasing logarithmic function, whereas there was no obvious regularity between tensile strength and root diameter for L. leucocephala roots.④ The added value of the shearing strength of both L. leucocephala and C. sinnica roots decreased with an increase in soil depth. The depth of soil reinforcement of L. leucocephala and C. sinnica roots was approximately 1.4 m and 0.6 m, respectively. [Conclusion] Both root systems of L. leucocephala and C. sinnica played a significant role in soil fixation. Because the root architecture, soil reinforcement depth, and soil reinforcement technique of these two plants were different, utilizing these two species together can improve slope stability and soil anti-scourability.
Keyword泥石流 蒋家沟 新银合欢 马桑 固土效应
DOI10.13961/j.cnki.stbctb.2019.05.005
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:6614479
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/33862
Collection山地灾害与地表过程重点实验室
Corresponding Author王道杰
Affiliation1.中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所/山地灾害与地表过程重点实验室;
2.中国科学院大学;
3.阿坝藏族羌族自治州水务局;
4.中石油西南管道公司
First Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Corresponding Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
陈文乐,杜鹃,方迎潮,等. 泥石流频发区典型乔灌植物根系的固土效应[J]. 水土保持通报,2019,39(5):32-39.
APA 陈文乐.,杜鹃.,方迎潮.,王道杰.,何松膛.,...&赵鹏.(2019).泥石流频发区典型乔灌植物根系的固土效应.水土保持通报,39(5),32-39.
MLA 陈文乐,et al."泥石流频发区典型乔灌植物根系的固土效应".水土保持通报 39.5(2019):32-39.
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