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Ecological and Environmental Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050 (中国至2050年生态与环境科技发展路线图(英文版) )
Jingzhu Zhao
简介As one of the eighteen field-specific reports comprising the comprehensive scope of the strategic general report of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, this sub-report addresses long-range planning for developing science and technology in the field of ecological and environmental science. ~hey each craft a roadmap for their sphere of development to 2050. In their entirety, the general and sub-group reports analyze the evolution and laws governing the development of science and echnology, describe the decisive impact of science and technology on the modernization, process, predict that the world is on the eve of an impending S&T revolution, and call for China to be fully prepared for this new round of S&T advancement. Based on the detailed study of the demands on S&T innovation in Chinas modernization, the reports draw a framework for eight basic and strategic systems of socio-economic development with the support of science and technology, work out Chinas S&T roadmaps for the relevant eight basic and strategic systems in line with Chinas reality, further detail S&T initiatives of strategic importance to Chinas modernization, and provide S&T decision-makers with comprehensive consultations for the development of S&T innovation consistent with Chinas reality. Supported by illustrations and tables of data, the reports provide researchers, government officials and entrepreneurs with guidance concerning research directions, the planning process, and investment. Founded in 1949, the Chinese Academy of Sciences is the nations highest academic . institution in natural sciences. Its major responsibilities are to conduct research in basic and technological sciences, to undertake nationwide integrated surveys .on natural resources and ecological environment, to provide the country with scientific data and consultations for governments decision-making, to undertake government- assigned projects with regard to key S&T problems in the process of socio-economic development, to initiate personnel training, and to promote Chinas high-tech enterprises through its active engagement in these areas.


1 Significance of Research on the Roadmap for the Development of Ecological and Environmental Technology
1.1 Safeguard National Ecological System and Environmental Security
1.2 Promote Reasonable Urbanization and Regional Sustainable Developmenl
1.3 Provide Scientific and Technological Support for the National Responding System of Public Emergency
1.4 Fulfilling the Obligations of International Environmental Conventions and the Requirements of National EnvironmentalDiplOmacy

2 Overview of Researches of Roadmaps and Plans for the Scientificand Technological Development in Relevant Fie!ds in ForeignCountries
2.1 Environmental Technologies Action of EU
2.2 New Zealands Roadmap for the Research of Environmental Sciences
2.3 Koreas Second Comprehensive Plan for DeveloPment of the Environmental Technology (2008 2012)
2.4 A Roadmap for a Living Planet of the World Wildlife Fund
2.5 Theme Action Plans-Phase I of the Natural Environment Research Council of UK
2.6 2008~2013 Scientific Strategies Formulated by Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, UK
2.7 U.S. Long Term Ecological Research Network and National Strategy of the Ecological Observation System
2.8 Perspective Plan for Researches Conducted by NOAA in the Future 20 Years

3 Chinas Socio-economic Development Trend and the Needs for Ecological and Environmental Science & Technology in the Next
50 Years
3.1 Population Growth Trend and Its Driving Force
3.2 Urbanization and Its Driving Force
3.3 Economic Development.
3.4 Consumption Patterns
3.5 The Needs for Ecological and Environmental Science and Technoloclv in the Next 50 Years

4 The Trend of Global Ecological and Environmental Changes
4.1 Climate Change
4.2 Air Pollution
4.3 Biodiversity
4.4 Freshwater
4.5 Waste and Logistics
4.6 Environment and Health

5 China,s Ecological and Environmental Characteristics and the Evolution Trend
5.1 Biodiversity Is Being Destroyed and Wild Animals and Plants Are Decreasing
5.2 Accelerating Land Desertification and Serious Ecological Hazards Pose a Threat to National Arable Land
5.3 Serious Water Resources Shortage and Severe Water Environment Deterioration
5.4 Tightening Bottleneck on Environment and Resources, Exacerbatinq and Spreading Trend of Environmental Pollution
5.5 Increasinalv Prominent Urban Environmental Issues with Structured, Composite and Compressing Characteristics
5.6 Graduallv Emeraina Hazards of New Pollutants and Persistent Organic Pollutants Lead to Increasing Ecological and Environmental Risks

6 The DeveloDment Trend of International Ecoloqical and Environmental Science & Technology
6.1 Global Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Have Become the Focus of Earth System Science
6.2 Relationship between Ecosystem and Human Well-being Has Become the Main Object of International Ecological Research
6.3 Integrated Research of Ecosystem and Human Activities, Natural System and Economic System Has Become the Main Idea in the Study on Global Ecological Issues
6.4 Quantitative Assessment and Scientific Prediction of Ecological and Environmental Chanees Have Become the Scientific and Technological Objective of Ecological Research
6.5 Network Observation of Ecosystem, Simulation Experiment and Virtual Numerical Simulation Serve as the Primary Means for the Study on Comprehensive Ecological Issues
6.6 Environmental Technology / Green Technology Based on Material Cycle Has Become a Fundamental Approach to Solve Environmental Pollution
6.7 Concurrent Consideration of Ecosvstem and Human Health Has Become the Theme of Environmental Health Research
6.8 Multi-scale Environmental Biogeochemical Process, Mechanism as well as the Coupling Characteristics and Modeling Are Important Means to Study Regional Environmental Issues

7 Key Research Areas of Ecological and Environmental Science & Technology
7.1 Global Climate Change and Its Ecological Processes
7.2 Restoration of Degraded Ecosystems, Reconstruction of Ecosystems and Conservation of Biodiversity
7.3 Urbanization and Environmental Quality
7.4 Land/River Basins/Coastal Zones Biogeochemistry Processes
7.5 Control and Restoration of Environmental Pollution
7.6 Clean Production and Circular Economy
7.7 Environmental Pollution and Health Effects
7.8 Advanced Monitoring and Forecasting Techniques

8 Generic Technology Roadmap for Areas of Ecoloaical and Environmental Technologies
8.1 Multi-disciplinary Comprehensive Development of High-tech Technology
8.2 Ecological and Environmental Monitoring Platform and System Theory
8.3 Data Integration and System Simulation

9 Overall Roadmap for Ecological and Environmental Technoloqy Development.
9.1 Objectives to 2020
9.2 Objectives to 2030
9.3 Objectives to 2050
9.4 Roadmap to 2050

10 Security System and Implementation of RoadmaD for Ecoloaical and Environmental Technology Development
10.1 Launch Large Methodology-Targeted Research Projects
10.2 Establish Problem-Oriented InterdisciDlinarv Ecoloaical and Environmental Basic Research Platforms
10.3 Build 2 to 3 Comprehensive Experimental Demonstration Areas (cities) with Multiple Objectives Optimization under the Guidance of the Concept of Scientific Development
10.4 Establish National Ecological and Environmental Three-Dimensional Monitoring-Data Integration - System Simulation Trinity Experimental Center
10.5 Cooperate with Neighboring Countries to Establish Global Change Asia


  CAS is the nations think tank for science. Its major responsibility is toprovide S&T consultations for the nations decision-makings and to take thelead in the nations S&T development.
  In July, 2007, President Yongxiang Lu made the following remarks: "Inorder to carry out the Scientific Outlook of Development through innovation,further strategic research should be done to lay out a S&T roadmap for thenext 20-30 years and key S&T innovation disciplines. And relevant workshopsshould be organized with the participation of scientists both within CAS andoutside to further discuss the research priorities and objectives. We shouldno longer confine ourselves to the free discovery of science, the quantity andquality of scientific papers, nor should we satisfy ourselves simply with thePrincipal Investigators system of research. Research should be conducted toaddress the needs of both the nation and society, in particular, the continuedgrowth of economy and national competitiveness, the development of socialharmony, and the sustainability between man and nature. "
  According to the Executive Management Committee of CAS in July, 2007,CAS strategic research on S&T roadmap for future development should beconducted to orchestrate the needs of both the nation and society, and target atthe three objectives: the growth of economy and national competitiveness, thedevelopment of social harmony, and the sustainability between man and nature.
学科领域生态学 ; 环境学
GB/T 7714
Jingzhu Zhao. Ecological and Environmental Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050 (中国至2050年生态与环境科技发展路线图(英文版) ). 2010-01-01.
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