IMHE OpenIR  > 山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
青藏高原风火山流域凝结水动态特征分析
Alternative TitleDynamic Characteristics of Condensed Water in Soils of Fenghuoshan Basin in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau
李春杰1,3; 王根绪1; 孙向阳1; 白炜2
Corresponding Author王根绪
2012-12
Source Publication水土保持通报
ISSN1000-288X
Volume32Issue:6Pages:80-83
Abstract

采用微型蒸渗仪对青藏高原风火山流域不同退化高寒草甸凝结水进行了实地观测实验,根据观测数据分析了风火山流域凝结水的形成规律。研究结果表明,青藏高原风火山流域凝结水主要来源于两个方面,空气中的水汽,包气带向上迁移的水汽。其中来源于包气带的凝结水显著大于来源于空气的凝结水。凝结水基本发生在夜间20:00至次日8:00的时段内,并且在次日6:00-8:00之间凝结量最大,其形成深度主要集中在0-5cm土壤剖面范围内。该区凝结水量随着高寒草甸的退化表现为减小趋势,凝结水对于青藏高原高寒草甸生态系统平衡的维持具有十分重要的意义。

Other Abstract

Using micro-lysimeter, we observed the condensed water in the soils of variously degraded alpine meadows in Fenghuoshan basin of the QinghaiTibet Plateau.The formation mechanism of condensed soil water was further analyzed according to the observation data.The results showed that condensed soil water came mainly from two sources:water vapor in the air and in the vadose zone migrated upward under the action of the geothermal gradient.The water vapor from the vadose zone was significantly greater than that from the air.The condensation mainly occurred during night from 20:00pm to 8:00am in the next day, and the largest amount of water was condensed in early morning between 6:00am and 8:00am.Meanwhile, the condensation mainly occurred within the upper 5cm of the soil profile.The amount of condensed water decreased with the degradation of alpine meadows, and the occurrence of condensation was of great significance in maintaining the balance of alpine meadow ecological system.

Keyword青藏高原 凝结水 影响因子 生态环境效应
Subject AreaP426.3
DOI10.13961/j.cnki.stbctb.2012.06.006
Indexed ByCSCD ; 北大中文核心
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:4746026
Funding Organization国家杰出青年基金项目“高寒草地生态水文学机理与冻土生态水文模拟研究”(40925002) ; 国家杰出青年基金项目“高寒草地生态水文学机理与冻土生态水文模拟研究”(40925002)
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/5266
Collection山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
Affiliation1.中国科学院成都山地灾害与环境研究所
2.兰州大学资源环境学院
3.中国科学院大学
First Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
李春杰,王根绪,孙向阳,等. 青藏高原风火山流域凝结水动态特征分析[J]. 水土保持通报,2012,32(6):80-83.
APA 李春杰,王根绪,孙向阳,&白炜.(2012).青藏高原风火山流域凝结水动态特征分析.水土保持通报,32(6),80-83.
MLA 李春杰,et al."青藏高原风火山流域凝结水动态特征分析".水土保持通报 32.6(2012):80-83.
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