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Seventy years' "Micropedology" 1938-2008: The past and future
Stoops; G.
Corresponding AuthorStoops, G
AbstractAlthough the first microscopic observations on soils date already from the beginning of the twentieth century, the publication of KubiA << na's book "Micropedology" in 1937 is considered as the beginning of this new scientific discipline. This first system for micromorphological descriptions of soils is considered as morphoanalytical, analysing the fabric according to pure morphological criteria. In a second period KuniA << na used a morphogenetic approach, directly relating the global observed fabric to genetic soil horizons. This system, mainly limited to European soils, was in general use till the early nineteen-seventies. End of the nineteen-fifties nongenetic soil classification systems were developed (e.g. USDA). This trend prompted R. Brewer to publish in 1964 a new morphoanalytical system for fabric analysis, used till the end of last century. Because of some inconsistencies in this approach, a working group of the ISSS published in 1985 a new set of morphoanalytical concepts and associated terminology (Bullock et al.), in 2003 adapted and extended by Stoops. Several morphosynthetic systems, expressing a complete soil microfabric in a single (compound) term have been proposed, but none was really successful. In 1967 KubiA << na introduced the term "micromorphometry" to name a new branch of micromorphology quantifying the soil fabric, mainly evaluating changes in porosity and structure resulting from soil management. The necessity of clearly defined concepts and terms for fabric analysis of soils and regoliths, even as a need for standardisation of quantitative methods, are discussed in the conclusions.
KeywordMicropedology Micromorphology Fabric Analysis Kubiena
Document Type期刊论文
CollectionJournal of Mountain Science_Journal of Mountain Science-2009_Vol6 No.2
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Stoops,G.. Seventy years' "Micropedology" 1938-2008: The past and future[J]. JOURNAL OF MOUNTAIN SCIENCE,2009,6(2):101–106.
APA Stoops,&G..(2009).Seventy years' "Micropedology" 1938-2008: The past and future.JOURNAL OF MOUNTAIN SCIENCE,6(2),101–106.
MLA Stoops,et al."Seventy years' "Micropedology" 1938-2008: The past and future".JOURNAL OF MOUNTAIN SCIENCE 6.2(2009):101–106.
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