IMHE OpenIR  > Journal of Mountain Science  > Journal of Mountain Science-2005  > Vol2 No.4
Reviving ancient water tunnels in the desert—Digging for gold
Joshka Wessels
Corresponding AuthorJoshka W
Other AbstractThe water shortage in the Middle East is a well-known problem. The introduction of diesel operated pumps for irrigation has caused a severe drop in groundwater levels. At the same time the demand for groundwater is growing to alarming proportions. Alternative ways of groundwater su:ly and management need to be found to halt social and economical disaster in the future. Why not look at history? Qanats are subterranean tunnels ancient civilizations built to access groundwater. The technique is a sustainable method of groundwater extraction Throughout the Middle East some settlements still make use of these ancient systems. In the summer of 2000, a community rehabilitation of a qanat was executed with su:ort from the International Center for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas (ICARDA) and international donors. The renovation served as a pilot community intervention within a participatory action research project aimed at evaluating the use of qanats in Syria. In a second stage of the project, the pilot was scaled up to a nation-wide survey of Syrian qanats in 2001. This resulted in qanat renovations on other sites executed in 2002 and 2003 with further international su:ort. This paper compares the first pilot renovation with a recent qanat renovation that took place in Qarah, Syria.
KeywordTraditional Water Management Community Action Participatory Action Research Syria Middle East
Document Type期刊论文
CollectionJournal of Mountain Science_Journal of Mountain Science-2005_Vol2 No.4
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Joshka Wessels. Reviving ancient water tunnels in the desert—Digging for gold[J]. JOURNAL OF MOUNTAIN SCIENCE,2005,2(4):294–305.
APA Joshka Wessels.(2005).Reviving ancient water tunnels in the desert—Digging for gold.JOURNAL OF MOUNTAIN SCIENCE,2(4),294–305.
MLA Joshka Wessels."Reviving ancient water tunnels in the desert—Digging for gold".JOURNAL OF MOUNTAIN SCIENCE 2.4(2005):294–305.
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