IMHE OpenIR  > 成都山地所知识仓储(2009年以前)
陈景武; 陈精日
Corresponding Author陈景武
Source Publication山地研究
Other Abstract 泥石流监测预警站利用的是泥石流预警报系统,以便对泥石流进行监测后,作出泥石流预警报。泥石流预警报系统由三个子系统组成,这就是:1.暴雨类泥石流预报子系统;2.泥石流地声报警子系统;3.泥石流规模报警子系统。三个子系统分别用在泥石流监测预警站所属的雨量、地声、泥位三类泥石流监测点上。泥石流预警报系统由中国科学院东川泥石流观测研究站在蒋家沟研制而成,1985年底通过鉴定,获1986年度中国科学院科学技术进步三等奖。 ;  The Debris Flow Monitoring, Predicting and Warning Station will give a predicting and warning of debris flow by monitoring of it with the predicting and warning system.The predicting and warning system of debris flow consists of : 1. a predicting sub system of rainstorm debris flow;2. a ground-sound warning subsystem of debris flow; 3. a warning subsystem of debris flow scale.The Debris Flow Monitoring,Predicting and Warning Station consists of three kinds of debris flow monitoring points,and a debris flow predicting and warning station (distributed at the jointing area of current and accumulation regions). The sensors and launching installations of each subsystem are respectively installed at the relative debris flow monitorning points; the recieving installation, recorder and warning equipments all are provided to the debris flow predicting and warning station.The debris flow monitoring points are distributed section by section and step by step.1.The rainfall monitoring points of debris flow are distributed at the formation region of debris flow (at thd upper reaches of the ravine) based on the predicting subsystem of rainstorm debris flow. The equipment is UY- 1 Radio Telemetering Rain Gauge. The equipments are arranged by network, triangle or single patterns. The accurate rate of prediction is >85% and prediction may be made out before 10min at least.2.The ground-sound monitoring points of debris flow are arranged at the upper reach of debris flow current region (at the middle reaches of the ravine) based on the ground-sound warning subsystem of debris flow. The equipment is NJ-2 Radio Telemetering Ground-Sound Warner and arranged by single.3.The mud-level monitoring points of debris flow are arranged at the middle and lower reaches of debris flow current region, based on warning subsystem of debris flow scale. The equipments are DFT-3 Radio Telemetering Ultrasonic Mud-Level Warner and arranged by single.The debris flow warnings of the last two kinds are accurate without error and may sent out before 2-3min at least. The accurate rate of debris flow predicting and warning is >90%. 
Keyword泥石流 监测预警站 预警报系统
Indexed ByCSCD
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Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding Author陈景武
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
陈景武,陈精日. 泥石流监测预警站的组建[J]. 山地研究,1992,10(1):51-56.
APA 陈景武,&陈精日.(1992).泥石流监测预警站的组建.山地研究,10(1),51-56.
MLA 陈景武,et al."泥石流监测预警站的组建".山地研究 10.1(1992):51-56.
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