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西南山地森林变化对洪水频率影响的模拟
Alternative TitleSimulation of Forest Impacts to the Flood Frequency Characteristics of Mountainous River in South-western China
程根伟; 石培礼; 田雨
Corresponding Author程根伟
2011
Source Publication山地学报
Volume29Issue:5Pages:561-565
Other Abstract森林砍伐和恢复改变了流域洪水形成条件,将影响河流洪水的总量与洪峰形态,但是选择合适的技术来进行准确的分析评价仍然是个难题。采用流域分布式水文数学模型(SWAT)对四川梭磨河径流过程进行模拟,得到不同森林覆被率的洪水过程和洪峰的频率分布。针对各种森林情境下的洪水过程模拟,发现对于中小尺度流域,良好的森林覆被可以减小洪水大小30%~40%,而且其中森林覆被率在35%~40%之内具有最显著的滞蓄洪效益,它与完全的森林覆被对在洪水的影响差异仅在5%以内,这对于我国西南生态保护与恢复工程的实施决策具有重要参考价值。; Forest logging or reforestation will singnificantly influent the generation condition of hydrographes. The flood peaks and total volume may change with the variation of forest coverage. But it is hard to selecte a proper method to evaluate this impact  quantitatively. In the paper a distributed hydrological mathematical model ( SWAT)
is used to simulate the hydrographies of the Shuomo River,south-western China. The flood frequency curves are derived from the modeled flood events by this model. Based on the frequency analyses of flood events for different forest coverages,one can find that the reducing rate of flood peak is about 35% at the most advantaged forest condition.
The main part of flood reducing effect is come down with forest ratio in 30% -40%. It has only 5% difference in flood reducing effect comparing with the most possible forest coverage ( 100%) . These results mean that the optimal forest ratio for south-western China is between 30% - 40%. This criterion can be application in the planning of ecological rehabilitation engineering.
Keyword森林水文 洪水频率 影响评价
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:4472137
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金项目(31070405
Citation statistics
Cited Times:2[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/6263
Collection山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
程根伟,石培礼,田雨. 西南山地森林变化对洪水频率影响的模拟[J]. 山地学报,2011,29(5):561-565.
APA 程根伟,石培礼,&田雨.(2011).西南山地森林变化对洪水频率影响的模拟.山地学报,29(5),561-565.
MLA 程根伟,et al."西南山地森林变化对洪水频率影响的模拟".山地学报 29.5(2011):561-565.
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