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不同丛枝菌根真菌侵染对土壤结构的影响
Alternative TitleCompare different effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization on soil structure
彭思利; 申鸿; 张宇亭; 郭涛
Corresponding Author郭涛
2012
Source Publication生态学报
Volume32Issue:3Pages:863-870
Other Abstract 为了定量化比较研究接种丛枝菌根真菌后,根际、菌根际和菌丝际土壤结构的变化,采用四室分根装置,比较中性紫色土接种不同AM真菌后,菌根际、根际、菌丝际和非根际土壤平均重量直径(MWD)、几何平均直径(GMD)和大于0.25mm团聚体总量(R0.25)的变化。结果表明:接种3个菌种后菌丝际EEG和有机质含量均呈高于菌根际的趋势。菌丝密度和易提取球囊霉素相关蛋白(EEG)与MWD、GMD和R0.25呈显著正相关,菌根际和菌丝际土壤水稳性R0.25与菌丝密度显著正相关,相关系数分别为0.777和0.671。接种G.mosseae的菌根际土壤R0.25值显著高于其它分室土壤,而接种G.etunicatum的菌丝际土壤R0.25值显著高于其它分室土壤。试验结果在一定程度上说明不同菌种对土壤结构均有不同程度的影响,反映了丛枝菌根真菌生态功能的多样性。; Soil structure plays important roles in soil ecosystem functioning as it controls water,gas and nutrient fluxes in soil.Aggregate stability is used as an indicator of soil structure.Current approaches to investigate the soil aggregation dynamic in soils have been influenced considerably by the hierarchical model of the aggregation process in which primary particles and clay microstructure are bound into microaggregates(20—250 μm),and larger macroaggregates(>250 μm up to several millimeters diameter) are formed by the binding together of microaggregates and smaller macroaggregates.Many physical,chemical and biological factors(and their interactions) contribute to soil aggregation,yet among the biological aspects,mycorrhizas are recognized as being of special importance.Arbuscular mycorrhizal(AM) fungi form mutualistic symbiosis with more than 80% of the higher plant species.The contribution of AM to soil structure varied at different hierarchical levels: plant community,individual root,and the soil mycelium. In previous studies,most experiments were carried out with pot or other single compartment devices,this made it difficult to clarify different effects of mycorhiza symbiosis on soil aggregation.In present study,the split root device with four compartments was used to quantitatively compare the change of soil aggregates in mycorrhizosphere,rhizoshere,hyphosphere and bulk soil.The results showed that there were significant positive correlation between hyphal length density,easy extractable glomalin(EEG) and mean weight diameter(MWD),geometric mean diameter(GMD)and the amount of larger macroaggregates(>250 μm up to several millimeters diameter,R0.25).The correlation coefficient between water stable aggregates and hyphal length density in mycorrhizosphere soil and hyphosphere soil was 0.777,0.671 respectively.The GMD and MWD of R0.25 in hyphal compartment were higher than those in root compartment but were lower than those in mycorrhizal compartment,which means mycorrhizal hyphae had greater effect than root did,but less effects than mycorrhizae did,on formation and stabilization of soil aggregates,.The different ability of different AM fungi to improve soil structure revealed the function diversity of AM fungi.More AM fungal species and soil types will be considered in following studies. 
Keyword四室 菌丝际 平均重量直径 几何平均直径 水稳性团聚体
DOI10.5846 /stxb201104080458
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:4446420
Funding Organization中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助(XDJK2010B012);国家自然科学基金资助项目(40701085);公益性行业(农业)科研专项经费(201103003)
Citation statistics
Cited Times:16[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/6303
Collection山地灾害与地表过程重点实验室
Corresponding Author郭涛
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
彭思利,申鸿,张宇亭,等. 不同丛枝菌根真菌侵染对土壤结构的影响[J]. 生态学报,2012,32(3):863-870.
APA 彭思利,申鸿,张宇亭,&郭涛.(2012).不同丛枝菌根真菌侵染对土壤结构的影响.生态学报,32(3),863-870.
MLA 彭思利,et al."不同丛枝菌根真菌侵染对土壤结构的影响".生态学报 32.3(2012):863-870.
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