IMHE OpenIR  > 山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
紫色土丘陵区典型生态-水文单元径流与氮磷输移特征
Alternative TitleCharacteristics of nitrogen and phosphorus transportation through runoff in a typical ecological-hydrological unit of hilly area of purple soil
王超1,2; 赵培1; 高美荣1
Corresponding Author赵培
2013
Source Publication水利学报
ISSN0559-9350
Volume44Issue:6Pages:748-755
Other Abstract

 通过对紫色土丘陵区典型农业-集镇-林地复合型小流域3次降雨-径流全过程的连续监测,测定了径流过程中泥沙含量和不同形态氮磷浓度,以期认识典型农村生态-水文单元降雨径流过程中氮磷迁移规律。结果表明:降雨-径流过程中悬浮泥沙的流失主要集中在径流前期,其峰值出现在雨强最大时;集镇径流污染的影响主要表现在径流前期,是径流前期铵态氮偏高的主因;降雨-径流过程中,颗粒态氮与可溶态氮比(PN/DN)、颗粒态磷与可溶态磷比(PP/DP)的峰值均出现在雨强较大时:其中PN/DN多小于1,而PP/DP范围为1.1~30.2,说明氮素流失主要通过可溶态的方式,而磷的迁移以颗粒态磷为主。因此在紫色丘陵区建议利用湿地植物与沉砂池等综合措施控制土壤侵蚀和非点源污染以保护当地生态环境安全。 

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Abstract:This study was carried out at an agriculture-town-forestry headwater watershed in Hilly area of purple soil. In order to understand the hydrological pathways of nitrogen and phosphorus loss in this Typical Ecology-Hydrology Unit,water flow,sediment,N and P were monitored continuously in three storms. Results show that suspended sediment (SS) loss mainly occurred in the early storm flow and SS concentration peaks was synchronous with rainfall intensity. The impact of the N and P pollution from town mainly contributed to the early runoff which was the reason for high ammonium-nitrogen (AN). Particulate nitrogen/dissolved nitrogen ratio (PN/DN) of most samples were less than 1 and particulate phosphorus/dissolved phosphorus ratio (PP/DP) ranged from 1.1 to 30.2 indicating that nitrogen loss was mainly in dissolved
form and the phosphorus loss was mainly though sediment. Both peaks of the two ratios occurred when the rain intensity was high. Construction of wetland in ditches combined with grit chamber could be effective on N and P loss control in this region.

Keyword紫色土丘陵区 土壤侵蚀 氮磷流失 降雨-径流
Subject AreaX143
DOI10.13243/j.cnki.slxb.2013.06.008
Indexed ByEI ; CSCD ; 北大中文核心
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:4876391
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金项目(41101202);国家重点基础发展计划(973)项目(2012CB417101)
Accession numberAccession number:20133216587852
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/6704
Collection山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
Affiliation1.中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
2.中国科学院大学
First Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
王超,赵培,高美荣. 紫色土丘陵区典型生态-水文单元径流与氮磷输移特征[J]. 水利学报,2013,44(6):748-755.
APA 王超,赵培,&高美荣.(2013).紫色土丘陵区典型生态-水文单元径流与氮磷输移特征.水利学报,44(6),748-755.
MLA 王超,et al."紫色土丘陵区典型生态-水文单元径流与氮磷输移特征".水利学报 44.6(2013):748-755.
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