IMHE OpenIR  > Journal of Mountain Science  > Journal of Mountain Science-2014  > Vol11 No.3
Alpine Activity Patterns of Mitopus morio (Fabricius, 1779) are Induced by Variations in Temperature and Humidity at Different Scales in Central Norway
Nils HEIN; Roland PAPE; Oliver-D. FINCH; Jörg LÖFFLER
Corresponding AuthorNils HEIN
2014-05
Source PublicationJournal of Mountain Science
Volume11Issue:3Pages:644-655
AbstractOur research addresses questions about how micro-climate affects activity abundance of a common and widespread harvestman in an alpine ecosystem. Activity patterns of the Harvestman Mitopus morio (Fabricius, 1779) were studied along different alpine gradients in the central Norwegian Scandes. Within a nested design, we surveyed 18 alpine habitats with pitfall traps and micro-climatological equipment along oceanic-continental, two elevational, and (fine-scaled) microtopographic gradients. Sites in the oceanic region of the Scandes showed generally higher abundance of M. morio than sites in the continental region. Furthermore, along the elevational gradient, middle-alpine sites showed higher abundances than low-alpine sites. These general patterns are best explained by higher humidity in the oceanic region and in the middle-alpine belt. Focusing at a finer scale, i.e. one elevational level within each region, revealed partly opposing activity patterns within relatively short distances. While in the western middle-alpine belt these patterns were best explained by humidity-related measures but now with higher activity abundance during drier conditions, in the drier eastern middle-alpine belt heat sums rather than humidity were found to be the best explanatory variables for the observed patterns. Hence, our results imply a pronounced different reaction of the two populations towards climatic variables that partly even contradict the previously described general pattern. Regardless whether these differences in activity abundance in M. morio are a form of phenotypic plasticity or adaptation, our findings stress the importance of detailed autecological knowledge combined with fine-scaled climatic measurements when aiming at predictions about possible future ecosystem structures and spatio-temporal phenomena. M. morio proves to be an ideal biogeographic model organism for understanding spatio-temporal responses of alpine ecosystems under modified climatic conditions.
KeywordClimate Gradients Opiliones Arctic-alpine Ecosystems High Mountains Scandinavia
Indexed BySCI
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/6894
CollectionJournal of Mountain Science_Journal of Mountain Science-2014_Vol11 No.3
Corresponding AuthorNils HEIN
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Nils HEIN,Roland PAPE,Oliver-D. FINCH,et al. Alpine Activity Patterns of Mitopus morio (Fabricius, 1779) are Induced by Variations in Temperature and Humidity at Different Scales in Central Norway[J]. Journal of Mountain Science,2014,11(3):644-655.
APA Nils HEIN,Roland PAPE,Oliver-D. FINCH,&Jörg LÖFFLER.(2014).Alpine Activity Patterns of Mitopus morio (Fabricius, 1779) are Induced by Variations in Temperature and Humidity at Different Scales in Central Norway.Journal of Mountain Science,11(3),644-655.
MLA Nils HEIN,et al."Alpine Activity Patterns of Mitopus morio (Fabricius, 1779) are Induced by Variations in Temperature and Humidity at Different Scales in Central Norway".Journal of Mountain Science 11.3(2014):644-655.
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