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Alternative TitleA Study on the Relationship between Tourism and Economic Growth of China based on MRW Model
Thesis Advisor李立华
Degree Grantor中国科学院研究生院
Place of Conferral北京
Degree Name硕士
Degree Discipline人文地理学
Keyword旅游 经济增长 关系 Mrw模型
Other AbstractThe rapid expansion of tourism all over the world after WWII as well as the insufficient understandings towards the relationship between tourism and economic growth jointly make this issue a hot topic of the English academic world since the 1960s - 1970s. This paper firstly analyzes the empirical and theoretical background of this topic; then, it reviews the relevant literature of this issue, including the conception of economic growth, the representative model of economic growth and studies on the relationship between tourism and economic growth of both international researchers and Chinese ones; afterwards, this paper adjusts the MRW model by introducing tourism as a determinant for economic growth into it; after that, using data of 301 Chinese prefecture-level cities between 2005 - 2009 as well as data of 31 provinces (including Municipalities Directly under the Central Government and Autonomous Regions) of China between 1997 - 2005 and 2007 - 2010 respectively, this paper conducts studies on the relationship between tourism and economic growth of China based on cross - section model and panel - data model respectively, and identifies the risk of Dutch Disease of China tourism. Finally, this paper draws the following conclusion: Firstly, the English academic world has paid great attentions to the relationship between tourism and economic for nearly half a century; however, the progress in research of this issue during recent several years should be mainly attributed to adoption of the basic theories and latest achievements of related disciplines such as economics and statistics. These theories and achievements not only support and construct the studies of the English academic world, but also promote the construction and realization of the theoretical system of this issue. Chinese academic world began to draw lessons from their international peers from mid and late nineties. However, though they have conducted large quantities of empirical studies, they tend to merely adopt the methodologies of the international ones mechanically, rather than adopting the theories and latest achievements of related disciplines. Therefore, both the construction of research framework and the explanations of results tend to be theoretically poor; so, researches generally lack of in-depth probe, and let alone the proposal of theoretical hypothesis or construction of theoretical system. Secondly, this paper introduces tourism into MRW model as a determinant for economic growth, and then studies the relationship between tourism and economic growth by employing data of 301 Chinese prefecture-level cities from 2005 to 2009 as well as data of 31 provinces of China between 1997 - 2005 and 2007 - 2010 respectively. The result shows that regions of higher rate of tourism specialization tend to enjoy higher GDP per capita even after other determinents are controled, which means that tourism is equivalent to other determinants for economic growth such as physical capital, human capital and labor. The subsequent dummy variable regression again supports this result. Thirdly, this paper introduces manufacture factor into MRW model, and the both of the regressions based on cross – section data and panel – data show that the expansion of the relative scale of tourism do not necessarily leads to the contraction of manufacture. On the contrary, the correlation coefficient between tourism and manufacure turns out to be positive, which means they seem to be supplements of each other.
Document Type学位论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
刘睿. 基于MRW模型的我国旅游和经济增长的关系研究[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2013.
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