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四川大熊猫栖息地外围保护区休闲旅游发展现状研究——以汶川县水磨镇为例
Alternative TitleStudy on Development Status of Leisure-Tourism in buffer Zone of Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries: A Case Study of Wenchuan County Shuimo Town
田修源
Thesis Advisor赵永涛
2013
Degree Grantor中国科学院研究生院
Place of Conferral北京
Degree Name硕士
Degree Discipline自然地理学
Keyword四川大熊猫栖息地 外围保护区 休闲旅游 水磨镇 指标体系
Abstract世界自然遗产四川大熊猫栖息地在遗产保护和经济发展之间面临着重大冲突。如何协调遗产保护与遗产利用之间的关系,实现遗产保护与经济发展的双赢是地方政府、专家学者关心的问题,更是社区居民期待已久的事情。 根据世界遗产保护理论,世界遗产的功能有保存、保护、展示、留传后代,其中展示的最好方法就是开展旅游活动。根据LAC理论,只要有旅游活动的发生,就一定会对自然环境造成一定的破坏,问题是多大的破坏是不可接受的。因此,世界遗产地需要发展旅游,但是对自然环境的破坏必须在可接受的范围内。 在文献研究的基础上,本研究根据对实地的考察,提出通过发展休闲旅游的方式来解决这一问题。 论文介绍了遗产地的概况、遗产价值,分析了保护与发展过程中出现的具体问题,并选取了位于遗产地外围保护区的汶川县水磨镇作为研究区域,作为整个遗产地的一个窗口。通过建立休闲旅游发展评价体系,制定游客与居民调查问卷,实地走访等,得出了水磨镇休闲旅游的发展情况,以及发展休闲旅游以来资源环境的变化、地方经济的变化、社区发展的变化。为水磨镇以及整个遗产地进一步发展休闲旅游提供参考。 本文得出的主要结论如下: 1.水磨镇休闲旅游发展态势良好,规模适度,已经成为支柱产业,并仍具有发展潜力,未对大熊猫栖息地外围保护区产生明显影响。 水磨镇在2009年完成震后恢复重建;在2010年开始旅游宣传并成功申报为4A级景区;2011年旅游人数为182万,旅游综合收入8.6亿;2012年旅游人数为215万,旅游综合收入11.6亿。总体来看,水磨镇休闲旅游发展态势良好,目前的规模也适度。水磨镇之前的高耗能企业已外迁,超过10亿的旅游综合收入对于镇域来说非常可观,休闲旅游业已成为水磨镇的支柱产业。从目前的发展趋势以及关于水磨镇休闲旅游发展前景分析可以看出,休闲旅游业在水磨镇仍有很大的发展潜力。从实地调查以及问卷调查来看,水磨镇休闲旅游的发展未对大熊猫栖息地外围保护区产生明显的影响,并且近几年来,生态环境有了明显改善。 2.休闲服务设施能力建设与未来发展支撑性匹配不足,社区发展有待于加强,以更好支撑休闲旅游业发展。 水磨镇休闲旅游的发展潜力巨大,现有的休闲服务设施不足以支撑未来的发展。最突出的表现在宾馆建设方面,目前水磨镇的住宿以家庭旅店,还没有星级宾馆,在旅游旺季,宾馆接待比较紧张。 对于水磨镇居民来说,其收入增长较快,但落后于水磨镇旅游综合收入增长速度;大量工厂的搬迁却导致了很大一部分人失去工作,总体就业人群数量有所减少,就业结构发生重大变化;此外,随着休闲旅游升温,当地的物价上涨较快,使居民生活成本增加。
Other AbstractAbstract Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries World Natural Heritage is facing major contradictions between heritage protection and economic development. How to coordinate the relationship between heritage conservation and heritage use to achieve the win-win between them is the concern of local governments, experts and scholars and the long-awaited of community residents. According to the world heritage protection theory, world heritages have the functions of preservation, conservation, display and bequeathing future generations, which the best way to display is to carry out tourism activities. According to the LAC theory, it will surely cause some damage to the natural environment as long as there is the occurrence of tourism activities, the key is how much damage is unacceptable. Therefore, the World Heritage site need to develop tourism, but it must take an environmentally friendly form of tourism. With the methods of in-depth interview, sampling, and on-site survey in Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries World Heritage, taking theoretical assumption that develop the leisure-tourism to solve the mentioned problem. This paper introduces the general situation and heritage value of heritage site, make an analysis of concrete problems to heritage site, and choose Shuimo town as the study area. Through constructing evaluation system of leisure-tourism, designing two different questionnaires about residents and tourists, and conducting site surveys, this paper arrive at the main conclusions as follows: 1. The leisure-tourism development situation of Shuimo town is good, and it has appropriate scale. Now it has become a pillar industry, and still has potential for growth. Otherwise, it did not have a significant impact on buffer zone of panda habitat. Shuimo town completed recovery and reconstruction after earthquake in 2009. It promotes the leisure tourism and applied for the 4A level scenic spots successfully in 2010. In 2011, the number of tourists had reached 182 thousands and the income of tourism had reached 860 million yuan. In 2012, the number of tourists had reached 215 thousands and the income of tourism had reached 11 billion and 6 million yuan. Overall, the leisure-tourism development situation of Shuimo town is good, and the current scale is modest. The previous energy-intensive companies in Shuimo town had relocated, over one billion of tourism revenue for the town is very impressive, leisure-tourism has become a pillar industry of Shuimo town. From the current trends and developments prospect of leisure-tourism we can see that leisure-tourism in Shuimo town still has great potential for development. From field surveys and questionnaires of view, the development of leisure-tourism did not have a significant impact on buffer zone of panda habitat, and in recent years, the ecological environment has improved significantly. 2. Leisure facilities capacity building and future development supporting has fewer matches, community development need to be strengthened in order to support the development of leisure-tourism better. The leisure-tourism in Shuimo town has huge potential for development, the existing leisure facilities are insufficient to support future development. The most outstanding performance is in the hotel building, the current accommodation is in the main of family hotels and no star-rated hotels. In the tourist season, the hotel reception is quite high. For the residents, their income grow quickly, their employment opportunities increase than before, but the relocation of factories has led some people to lose their jobs, with leisure-tourism warming, local prices rose faster, which increased burden of living.
Document Type学位论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/6981
Collection山区发展研究中心
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
田修源. 四川大熊猫栖息地外围保护区休闲旅游发展现状研究——以汶川县水磨镇为例[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2013.
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