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Historical Sediment Record of 137Cs; d-HCH; and d13C Reflects the Impact of Land Use on Soil Erosion
TANG Xiang-Yu; ZHANG Xin-Bao; GUAN Zhuo; LONG Yi; TANG Qiang; LÜ Yu-Juan
Corresponding AuthorTANG Xiang-Yu
2014-07
Source PublicationJournal of Mountain Science
Volume11Issue:4Pages:866-874
AbstractThis paper reports the concentrations of 137Cs; hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH); dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethanes (DDT) and its main degradation products; 13C; and organic carbon in pond sediments (0-210 cm; sectioned by 2-20 cm interval) and surface soils (the 0-3 cm horizon) collected in 2010 from Chenjia catchment; which is located in Yanting county in the hilly central Sichuan of China. α-; -; and γ-HCH; DDT; and DDD were not detected throughout the sediment profile. Trace concentrations of -HCH (0.89-29.31 ng g-1) and p;p′-DDE (1.85-6.02 ng g-1) were detected only in top 40 cm sediment. The 137Cs fallout peak in 1963 (corresponding to the 55-60 cm depth); the sedimentary signature left by the last year of HCH use in 1989 (an additional indicator at 20-25 cm); and the obvious original channel bed prior to the construction of the pond in 1956 were used as temporal markers to estimate changes in average sedimentation rate between different periods due to changes in land use. Continuous; marked decrease in average sedimentation rate (i.e.; 3.79; 1.35 and 1.07 cm year-1 in 1956-1963; 1963-1989; and 1989-2010; respectively) over time was observed; probably due to the reforestation; abandoning of steep sloping farmland for afforestation and natural re-vegetation (implementation of the Grain for Green Program); and the conversion of part of gently sloping farmland terraces to orchard land since the 1980s; especially since the 1990s. This was corroborated by the observed decrease (more negative) in 13C of sediment towards the surface; which indicates increased relative contribution of eroded soil particles coming from slopes with increased tree cover in sediment source area. Combined use of 137Cs; -HCH; and 13C record in sediments has been demonstrated to be a powerful approach to reconstruction of response in sedimentation rate to historical land use changes.
KeywordCesium-137 Hexachlorocyclohexane (Hch) Sedimentation History Land Use
Indexed BySCI
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/6990
CollectionJournal of Mountain Science_Journal of Mountain Science-2014_Vol11 No.4
山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
TANG Xiang-Yu,ZHANG Xin-Bao,GUAN Zhuo,et al. Historical Sediment Record of 137Cs; d-HCH; and d13C Reflects the Impact of Land Use on Soil Erosion[J]. Journal of Mountain Science,2014,11(4):866-874.
APA TANG Xiang-Yu,ZHANG Xin-Bao,GUAN Zhuo,LONG Yi,TANG Qiang,&LÜ Yu-Juan.(2014).Historical Sediment Record of 137Cs; d-HCH; and d13C Reflects the Impact of Land Use on Soil Erosion.Journal of Mountain Science,11(4),866-874.
MLA TANG Xiang-Yu,et al."Historical Sediment Record of 137Cs; d-HCH; and d13C Reflects the Impact of Land Use on Soil Erosion".Journal of Mountain Science 11.4(2014):866-874.
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