IMHE OpenIR  > Journal of Mountain Science  > Journal of Mountain Science-2014  > Vol11 No.4
Sustainability of Transhumance Grazing Systems under Socio-economic Threats in Langtang; Nepal
Suman ARYAL; Tek Narayan MARASENI; Geoff COCKFIELD
Corresponding AuthorSuman ARYAL
2014-07
Source PublicationJournal of Mountain Science
Volume11Issue:4Pages:1023-1034
AbstractThe decline or loss of traditional social-ecological systems may induce adverse effects to the societies and ecosystems. Transhumance; the recurring and seasonal movement of grazing livestock; is increasingly constrained by a numbers of factors including policy; land use and socio-economic changes in Nepal. To explore how these changes have affected the transhumance; this study investigated transhumance at the Langtang valley in central Nepal. The specific objectives of this study were to determine the herd size and composition; spatial-temporal patterns and to identify the major drivers of the system and the system changes. Data were collected from field study comprising semi-structured interviews with the herders; focus group discussions; key informants survey; and observations of rangeland and livestock management systems. The study revealed that the transhumance system in the Langtang is influenced by two types of drivers. In one hand; traditional practices are contributing to the sustainability of the system. On the other hand; the grazing patterns and adaptive responses are strongly influenced by changes in government policies; socio-economic and cultural transformation; livestock productivity; markets; rangeland conditions and climate change. The findings of this study help with the development and implementation of transhumance management policy for the sustainability.
KeywordChauri Drivers Langtang Nepal Transhumance
Indexed BySCI
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/7005
CollectionJournal of Mountain Science_Journal of Mountain Science-2014_Vol11 No.4
Corresponding AuthorSuman ARYAL
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Suman ARYAL,Tek Narayan MARASENI,Geoff COCKFIELD. Sustainability of Transhumance Grazing Systems under Socio-economic Threats in Langtang; Nepal[J]. Journal of Mountain Science,2014,11(4):1023-1034.
APA Suman ARYAL,Tek Narayan MARASENI,&Geoff COCKFIELD.(2014).Sustainability of Transhumance Grazing Systems under Socio-economic Threats in Langtang; Nepal.Journal of Mountain Science,11(4),1023-1034.
MLA Suman ARYAL,et al."Sustainability of Transhumance Grazing Systems under Socio-economic Threats in Langtang; Nepal".Journal of Mountain Science 11.4(2014):1023-1034.
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