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赤水河流域不同土地利用类型土壤侵蚀的137Cs法研究
Alternative TitleUsing137Cs Technique to Study Soil Erosion in Chishui River Region
张一澜; 文安邦; 严冬春; 郭进; 俱战省
Corresponding Author文安邦
2014
Source Publication地球与环境
Volume42Issue:2Pages:187-192
Abstract本研究采用137Cs 法对赤水河流域不同土地利用类型土壤侵蚀强度展开调查研究,以期为赤水河流域生态环境保护和实现流域的可持续发展提供基础数据。通过对赤水河中上游地区4 种土地利用类型土壤剖面中137 Cs 含量的测定和分析,结果表明: 坡耕地以侵蚀为主,平均坡度在11° ~ 19°之间时,侵蚀模数介于3630 ~ 6776 t /( km2·a) ,其中,习水和叙永研究区坡耕地平均坡度均大于15°,土壤侵蚀强烈,侵蚀模数在6050 ~ 6776 t /( km2·a) 之间; 草地平均侵蚀模数为4235 t /( km2·a) ; ( 2) 林地有微弱堆积,堆积模数为1331 t /( km2·a) ; 水稻田堆积模数为3872 t /( km2·a) 。可见,当平均坡度大于15°时,坡耕地土侵蚀强度较大,因地制宜的采取相应的水保措施是有效遏制水土流失的关键。
Other AbstractThe Chishui River is the only unexplored tributary of the Upper Yangtze River,which should be protected. However,because of the complicated topography and soil type,the reliable data about soil erosion in this region are limited. A study was carried out
to investigate soil intensities in different land - use types by using the 137Cs technique to provide fundamental data for ecological environment protection and sustainable development. In terms of the measured and analyzed 137Cs contents in soils of four different land use types in the upstream,it is shown that in the case of the cultivated slope with the gradient varying between 11° ~ 19°,the erosion modulus
falls in between 3630 ~ 6776 t /( km2·a) and erosion intensity in Xishui is strongest. The average erosion modulus in lawn is 4235 t /( km2·a) . The forest land is of mild accumulation and its accumulate modulus is 1331 t /( km2·a) . The accumulate modulus in the paddy field is 3872 t /( km2·a) . The erosion intensity of slope cultivated land is strongest. It is a key source area of soil erosion.
Therefore,returning the farmland to the forest and restoring vegetation is an effective way to prevent soil and water losses.
Keyword137cs 示踪 土地利用 土壤侵蚀 赤水河
Language中文
Funding Organization国家科技支撑计划项目课题(2011BAD31B03);中国科学院西部行动计划项目( KZCX2-XB3-09)
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/7027
Collection山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
科技与合作处
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
张一澜,文安邦,严冬春,等. 赤水河流域不同土地利用类型土壤侵蚀的137Cs法研究[J]. 地球与环境,2014,42(2):187-192.
APA 张一澜,文安邦,严冬春,郭进,&俱战省.(2014).赤水河流域不同土地利用类型土壤侵蚀的137Cs法研究.地球与环境,42(2),187-192.
MLA 张一澜,et al."赤水河流域不同土地利用类型土壤侵蚀的137Cs法研究".地球与环境 42.2(2014):187-192.
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