IMHE OpenIR  > Journal of Mountain Science  > Journal of Mountain Science-2014  > Vol11 No.5
Livelihood diversification as an adaptation approach to change in the pastoral Hindu-Kush Himalayan region
Wu Ning1,2,3; Ismail, Muhammad1; Joshi, Srijana1; Yi Shao-liang1; Shrestha, Ritu Meher1; Jasra, Abdul Wahid1
Corresponding AuthorWU Ning
2014-09-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF MOUNTAIN SCIENCE
ISSN1672-6316
Volume11Issue:5Pages:1342-1355
SubtypeArticle
AbstractMigratory livestock raising has been one of the most important livelihood options for people residing in high mountain areas and has made a significant contribution to the economy of the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region, both in terms of supporting households and in export earnings. However, in recent decades, changes in the socioeconomic situation and increasing climate variability have led to a need to enhance adaptation by building the resilience of local socio-ecological systems, including economic diversification and sustainable management of natural resources. Based on semi-structured interviews with pastoral communities in six countries within the pastoral HKH region, this paper discusses the situation, trends and driving forces behind the diversification of pastoral livelihood. For internal diversification the study highlights the need for enhancement of pastoral livelihoods through value-adding activities in the pastoral sectors. For external diversification changes on policy changes are needed to support free out-migration, market exploitation, and multiple resource use. Finally the paper highlights the role of education in determining household adaptation strategies in the face of various socio-ecological pressures and recommends integrating innovative and indigenous knowledge to develop appropriate methods for risk management and resource management in the pastoral HKH region.
KeywordAdaptive Capacity Diversification Livelihoods Pastoralism Himalaya
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
DOI10.1007/s11629-014-3038-9
WOS Subject ExtendedEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
Indexed BySCI
WOS KeywordCLIMATE-CHANGE ; STRATEGIES ; BIODIVERSITY ; HERDERS
Language英语
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000342223500020
Funding OrganizationICIMOD innovation fund ; Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) ; Austrian Development Agency (ADA) ; UK Department for International Development (DFID)
Citation statistics
Cited Times:24[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/7259
CollectionJournal of Mountain Science_Journal of Mountain Science-2014_Vol11 No.5
Affiliation1.Int Ctr Integrated Mt Dev, Kathmandu, Nepal
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Chengdu Inst Biol, Key Lab Mt Ecol Restorat & Bioresource Utilizat, Chengdu 610041, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Chengdu Inst Biol, Ecol Restorat Biodivers Conservat Key Lab Sichuan, Chengdu 610041, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wu Ning,Ismail, Muhammad,Joshi, Srijana,et al. Livelihood diversification as an adaptation approach to change in the pastoral Hindu-Kush Himalayan region[J]. JOURNAL OF MOUNTAIN SCIENCE,2014,11(5):1342-1355.
APA Wu Ning,Ismail, Muhammad,Joshi, Srijana,Yi Shao-liang,Shrestha, Ritu Meher,&Jasra, Abdul Wahid.(2014).Livelihood diversification as an adaptation approach to change in the pastoral Hindu-Kush Himalayan region.JOURNAL OF MOUNTAIN SCIENCE,11(5),1342-1355.
MLA Wu Ning,et al."Livelihood diversification as an adaptation approach to change in the pastoral Hindu-Kush Himalayan region".JOURNAL OF MOUNTAIN SCIENCE 11.5(2014):1342-1355.
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