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牦牛和藏绵羊粪便降解过程中的养分动态变化
Alternative TitleTemporal Variation of Yak and Tibetan Sheep Dung Nutrients from an Alpine Steppe in Northern Tibet, China
杜子银; 蔡延江; 王小丹; 鲁旭阳; 鄢燕; 马星星
Corresponding Author王小丹
2014
Source Publication山地学报
Volume32Issue:4Pages:423-430
Other Abstract放牧牲畜排泄物是青藏高原高寒草地生态系统的一种重要养分来源,对于维持草地土壤肥力和植被生产力具有重要意义。采用尼龙网袋法监测了两种主要放牧牲畜牦牛和藏绵羊粪便干物质量及主要养分含量在降解过程中随时间的动态变化特征。结果表明,牦牛和藏绵羊粪便在经过93 d的降解后,干物质量分别减少了30.9%和21.6%。到试验期末,牦牛粪便全碳和全氮含量显著降低,其值降至初始的81.8%和79.2%,而全磷和全钾的变化则不显著,表明碳氮减少量较磷和钾更为明显。藏绵羊粪便全碳和全钾含量在试验期末降至初始的87.7%和72.6%,差异具有极显著性,但全氮和全磷减少不显著。牲畜粪便在一个生长季内的降解和养分释放量较少可能使得其对土壤和植被产生的潜在生态环境效应具有滞后性。放牧过程中,牧民少量捡拾牲畜粪便用作生活资料将有利于维持高寒草地生态系统的养分平衡和可持续发展。; Grazing livestock excretain natural grasslandis regarded as animportant source of nutrientsfor alpine grassland ecosystem in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, which may play a critical role in maintaining soil fertility and vegetation productivity of grazed grassland. This paper monitored the temporal variation of dry matter and main nutrients of yak and Tibetan sheep dung by using the nylonmeshbagmethod. The results indicated that dry matter of yak and Tibetan sheep dung decreased by 30.9% and 21.6% after the decomposition of 93 days, respectively. Total carbon and total nitrogen contents of yak dung reduced to 81.8% and 79.2% of the initial values, respectively, while no significant differences were observed for the contents of total phosphorus and total potassiumbetween the initial and final sampling time, implying that the losses of total carbon and nitrogen of yak dung were more obvious than total phosphorus and potassium. Total carbon and total potassium contents of Tibetan sheep dung had dropped to 87.7% and 72.6%, respectively, but similar values were found for the initial and final contents of total phosphorus and total potassium. It can be concluded thatthe little decomposition and nutrients returns of livestock dung in one growing season may lead to series of potential ecological environment effects on soil and vegetation act as prominent hysteresis quality. We suggest that herders use livestock excrement as necessities timely and small quantity are beneficial to assure the nutrients balance and sustainable development of alpine pasture ecosystem.
Keyword放牧草地 牲畜粪便 养分动态变化 生态效应
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:5220407
Funding Organization中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDB03030505);国家自然科学基金项目(41201235、41201096);中科院成都山地所“一三五”项目(sds-135-1203-02)
Citation statistics
Cited Times:5[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/7364
Collection山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
杜子银,蔡延江,王小丹,等. 牦牛和藏绵羊粪便降解过程中的养分动态变化[J]. 山地学报,2014,32(4):423-430.
APA 杜子银,蔡延江,王小丹,鲁旭阳,鄢燕,&马星星.(2014).牦牛和藏绵羊粪便降解过程中的养分动态变化.山地学报,32(4),423-430.
MLA 杜子银,et al."牦牛和藏绵羊粪便降解过程中的养分动态变化".山地学报 32.4(2014):423-430.
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