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长江中下游不同湖泊沉积物中重金属污染物的累积及其潜在生态风险评价
Alternative TitleThe accumulation and potential ecological risk evaluation of heavy metals in the sediment of different lakes within the middle and lower reaches of Yangtze River
邴海健; 吴艳宏; 刘恩峰; 羊向东
Corresponding Author吴艳宏
2010
Source Publication湖泊科学
Volume22Issue:5Pages:675-683
Other Abstract利用富集因子和Hakanson潜在生态风险指数法,结合年代学结果,对长江中下游湖泊太白湖、龙感湖、巢湖和西氿沉积物中重金属元素Co、Cr、Cu、Ni、Pb、Zn的富集程度进行了评价,并比较分析了上述重金属的潜在生态风险.结果表明,太白湖和龙感湖沉积物中各重金属富集程度均较低;巢湖沉积物中Co、Cr、Ni的富集程度接近中等水平,而Cu、Pb、Zn的富集已经达到中等水平;西氿沉积物中Co的富集非常低,Cr、Ni富集水平较低,Pb达到中等富集,Cu、Zn达到较高的富集水平.对4个湖泊沉积物中重金属的综合污染程度进行比较:巢湖>西氿>龙感湖>太白湖.各湖泊沉积物中单一元素的潜在生态风险都较低,但是,根据多元素潜在生态评价指数,各湖泊沉积物中重金属存在明显不同的潜在生态风险:巢湖>西氿>龙感湖>太白湖.总体上看,太白湖和巢湖沉积物重金属污染以及潜在生态风险自1965年以来一直在加重,而龙感湖和西氿沉积物在表层有下降的趋势.这种差异与各个湖泊流域内人类活动的方式和强度密切相关.巢湖和西氿流域内城市化、工业化发展迅速,人类活动导致大量重金属元素进入湖泊,给湖泊带来明显的污染;而龙感湖和太白湖流域人类活动主要以农业活动为主,人类活动对重金属的贡献相对较小.; The concentrations of Co,Cr,Cu,Ni,Pb and Zn in the sediments of Lake Taibai,Lake Longgan,Lake Chaohu and Lake Xijiu in the middle and lower reaches of Yangtze River,were determined.Combined with geochronology,enrichment factors and Hakanson Potential Ecological Risk Index were used to evaluate the accumulation degree and the potential ecological risk of heavy metals in the sediment.The results showed that the status of heavy metal enrichment in the sediment of Lake Taibai and Lake Longgan was in the lower level,while that of Co,Cr,Ni in the Lake Chaohu sediment was low,and Cu,Pb,Zn enrichment reached moderate level.In the sediment of Lake Xijiu,the status of heavy metal enrichment was different from heavy metals,which Co enrichment was very low,Cr and Ni enrichment was in the lower level,and Pb enrichment arrived at the moderate level,and Cu,Zn enrichment reached the higher level.The status of heavy metal contamination in the four lake sediments was ranked as Lake Chaohu>Lake Xijiu>Lake Longgan>Lake Taibai.The potential ecological risk index of single element was very low,however,based on the potential ecological risk index of multi-elements,there was obvious difference among these four lakes:Lake Chaohu>Lake Xijiu>Lake Longgan>Lake Taibai.Generally,the enrichment and potential ecological risk in the sediments of Lake Taibai and Lake Chaohu had been increasing since 1965,while those conditions in Lake Longgan and Lake Xijiu tended to decrease in the surface sediment,all of which strongly correlated with the way and intensity of human activities in the catchment areas.In the catchments of Lake Chaohu and Lake Xijiu,the development of industrialization and economy was rapid,and lots of heavy metals were discharged into lakes by human activities,which made these lakes polluted.However,the way of human activities in Lake Longgan and Lake Xijiu catchments was mainly about agriculture,which contributed to a small portion of heavy metals into the sediment. 
Keyword重金属 污染指标 生态风险 湖泊沉积物 长江中下游
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:3996203
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金项目(40772203)
Citation statistics
Cited Times:39[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/7449
Collection山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
邴海健,吴艳宏,刘恩峰,等. 长江中下游不同湖泊沉积物中重金属污染物的累积及其潜在生态风险评价[J]. 湖泊科学,2010,22(5):675-683.
APA 邴海健,吴艳宏,刘恩峰,&羊向东.(2010).长江中下游不同湖泊沉积物中重金属污染物的累积及其潜在生态风险评价.湖泊科学,22(5),675-683.
MLA 邴海健,et al."长江中下游不同湖泊沉积物中重金属污染物的累积及其潜在生态风险评价".湖泊科学 22.5(2010):675-683.
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