IMHE OpenIR  > 山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
Alternative TitleFractal features of soil particles on sloping farmland under downslope tillage system with limited slopelength in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area
韦杰; 金慧芳; 贺秀斌; 鲍玉海; 郑红丽
Corresponding Author韦杰
Source Publication中国水土保持科学
Abstract在三峡库区忠县境内选择水平沟模式、埂坎模式、地埂植物篱模式以及无措施的4种典型坡耕地采集了48个表土(0~20 cm)样本,利用分形维数研究不同模式有限顺坡耕作坡耕地的表土颗粒组成、分形特征及相互关系。结果表明:4种模式坡耕地土壤颗粒黏粒体积分数均较低(均值8.03%~11.47%),粉粒较高(均值62.39%~83.24%)。无措施、水平沟模式、埂坎模式坡耕地的砂粒体积分数为22.95%~29.58%,而地埂植物篱模式坡耕地的砂粒均值仅5.29%。4种模式坡耕地表土的粒径体积分形维数分别为无措施2.579~2.708、水平沟模式2.603~2.706、埂坎模式2.581~2.701、地埂植物篱模式2.610~2.827。粒径分形维数均值表现为地埂植物篱模式(2.737)>水平沟模式(2.674)>埂坎模式(2.659)>无措施坡耕地(2.654)。4种模式坡耕地表土的粒径分形维数与黏粒(<0.002 mm)体积分数呈显著的线性正相关关系,与砂粒(>0.05 mm)体积分数呈显著的线性负相关关系;但与粉粒(0.002~0.05 mm)体积分数线性关系差异较大。其中,无措施、水平沟模式、埂坎模式呈显著的线性正相关关系,而地埂植物篱模式二者相关性不显著。
Other AbstractForty eight topsoil(0-20 cm) samples were collected from four kinds of typical sloping farmlands with horizontal ditch(HD),terrace ridge and bank(TR),terrace hedgerow(TH),and none conservation measures(NC) in Zhongxian County of the Three Gorges Reservoir Area.The surface soil particles,their fractal characteristics and their relationship with each other were studied using fractal dimension.The results showed that there was low volume of clay particles(8.03%-11.47%) while high volume of silty particles(62.39%-83.24%) in all surface soils on the four kinds of sloping farmlands.The sandy particles in the topsoil on sloping farmlands with HD,TR and NC were 22.95%-29.58%; however,it accounted for only 5.29% in the TH sloping farmland topsoils.The volume fractal dimension for the surface soil particles on the HD,TR,TH and NC farmlands was 2.579-2.708,2.603-2.706,2.581-2.701,2.610-2.827,respectively.The mean volume fractal dimension ordered from high to low as TH(2.737),HD(2.674),TR(2.659) and NC(2.654).The fractal dimension for the four patterns had significant linear positive correlation with clay particles(< 0.002mm) volume percentage,and had significant linear negative relationship with silty particles(0.002-0.05 mm) volume percentage.However,the fractal dimension for the NC,HD and TR patterns was positively correlated to the sand particles(> 0.05 mm) volume percentage,while there was no significant correlation between them for the TH pattern.
Keyword有限顺坡耕作 坡耕地 粒径 体积分形维数 三峡库区
Indexed ByCSCD
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金“紫色土坡耕地‘大横坡+小顺坡’措施水土保持机理研究”(41001168);国家科技支撑计划“三峡库区低产坡地改造与面源污染减控技术集成与示范”(2011BAD31B03);重庆市自然科学基金“三峡库区紫色土坡式梯地土石结合埂坎结构的实验研究”(cstc2013jcyjA80014);中国科学院山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室开放基金“三峡库区坡耕地有限顺坡耕作调控侵蚀机理研究”
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Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding Author韦杰
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
韦杰,金慧芳,贺秀斌,等. 三峡库区有限顺坡耕作坡耕地表土颗粒分形特征[J]. 中国水土保持科学,2014,12(3):23-29.
APA 韦杰,金慧芳,贺秀斌,鲍玉海,&郑红丽.(2014).三峡库区有限顺坡耕作坡耕地表土颗粒分形特征.中国水土保持科学,12(3),23-29.
MLA 韦杰,et al."三峡库区有限顺坡耕作坡耕地表土颗粒分形特征".中国水土保持科学 12.3(2014):23-29.
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