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Spatial Distribution of Old and Emerging Flame Retardants in Chinese Forest Soils: Sources, Trends and Processes.
Zheng, Qian1; Nizzetto, Luca2,3; Li, Jun1; Mulder, Marie D.2; Sanka, Ondrej2; Lammel, Gerhard2,4; Bing, Haijian5; Liu, Xin1; Jiang, Yishan1; Luo, Chunling1; Zhang, Gan1
Corresponding AuthorNizzetto, Luca
2015-03-03
Source PublicationENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
ISSN0013-936X
Volume49Issue:5Pages:2904-2911
SubtypeArticle
AbstractThe levels and distribution of polybrominated diphenylethers (PBDEs), novel brominated flame retardants (NBFRs) and Dechlorane Plus (DP) in soils and their dependence on environmental and anthropological factors were investigated in 159 soil samples from 30 background forested mountain sites across China. Decabromodiphenylethane (DBDPE) was the most abundant flame retardant (25-18 000 pg g(-1) and 5-13 000 pg g(-1) in O-horizon and A-horizon, respectively), followed by BDE 209 (nd-5900 pg g(-1) and nd-2400 pg g(-1) in O-horizon and A-horizon, respectively). FRs distributions were primarily controlled by source distribution. The distributions of most phasing-out PBDEs, DP isomers and TBPH were in fact correlated to a population density-based index used as proxy of areas with elevated usage and waste of FR containing products. High concentrations of some NBFRs were however observed in industrialized regions and FR manufacturing plants. Strongly positive correlations were observed between PBDEs and their replacement products suggesting similar emission pattern and environmental behavior. Exposure of mineral subsoils depended on precipitations driving leaching of FRs into the soil core. This was especially evident for some emerging BFRs (TBE, TBPH, and TBB etc.) possibly indicating potential for diffuse groundwater contamination.
KeywordSpatial Distribution
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
DOI10.1021/es505876k
URL查看原文
WOS Subject ExtendedEngineering ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Indexed BySCI
WOS KeywordPOLYBROMINATED DIPHENYL ETHERS ; PEARL RIVER DELTA ; GREAT-LAKES ATMOSPHERE ; DECHLORANE PLUS ; SOUTH CHINA ; E-WASTE ; ORGANOCHLORINE COMPOUNDS ; TIBETAN PLATEAU ; SURFACE SOILS ; UNITED-STATES
Language英语
WOS SubjectEngineering, Environmental ; Environmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000350611100042
Funding OrganizationNational Scientific Foundation of China(41125014 ; Joint Funds of the National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province, China(U1133004) ; Research Centre for Toxic Compounds in the Environment (RECETOX) - National Infrastructure for Research of Toxic Compounds in the Environment - Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic(LM2011028) ; 41390240)
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Cited Times:55[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/9593
Collection山地灾害与地表过程重点实验室
山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Guangzhou Inst Geochem, State Key Lab Organ Geochem, Guangzhou 510640, Guangdong, Peoples R China
2.Masaryk Univ, Res Ctr Tox Cpds Environm, CS-60177 Brno, Czech Republic
3.Norwegian Inst Water Res, NO-0349 Oslo, Norway
4.Max Planck Inst Chem, D-55128 Mainz, Germany
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Mt Hazards & Environm, Key Lab Mt Surface Proc & Ecol Regulat, Chengdu 610041, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zheng, Qian,Nizzetto, Luca,Li, Jun,et al. Spatial Distribution of Old and Emerging Flame Retardants in Chinese Forest Soils: Sources, Trends and Processes.[J]. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY,2015,49(5):2904-2911.
APA Zheng, Qian.,Nizzetto, Luca.,Li, Jun.,Mulder, Marie D..,Sanka, Ondrej.,...&Zhang, Gan.(2015).Spatial Distribution of Old and Emerging Flame Retardants in Chinese Forest Soils: Sources, Trends and Processes..ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY,49(5),2904-2911.
MLA Zheng, Qian,et al."Spatial Distribution of Old and Emerging Flame Retardants in Chinese Forest Soils: Sources, Trends and Processes.".ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY 49.5(2015):2904-2911.
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