IMHE OpenIR  > Journal of Mountain Science  > Journal of Mountain Science-2014  > Vol11 No.1
Assessment of secondary mountain hazards along a section of the Dujiangyan-Wenchuan highway
Han Yong-shun1; Dong Shao-kun1; Chen Zheng-chao2; Hu Kai-heng3; Su Feng-huan3; Huang Peng1
Corresponding AuthorChen Zheng-chao
AbstractConducting a hazard assessment for secondary mountain hazards is the technical basis for reconstructing destroyed highways and for disaster prevention. It is necessary to consider the role and influence of structural engineering measures as an important assessment factor. In this study, based on six substantial field investigations conducted between July 2008 and July 2012, a 2 km wide zone along both sides of the Dujiangyan-Wenchuan (Du-Wen) Highway was selected as the study area. Microgeomorphic units and small watersheds in the study area were extracted with GIS software and used as basic assessment units. Through field investigations, remote sensing surveys and experimental analysis, a structural engineering effectiveness assessment was conducted using the technique of principal component analysis. The results showed the following: 1) A total of 491 collapses, 12 landslides, 32 slope debris flows and 17 gully debris flows were scatted across the study area. The total overall areal density of all mountain hazards was 25.7%. The distribution of secondary hazards was influenced mainly by seismic intensity, active fault zones, lithology, slope and altitude. More than 70% of secondary hazards occurred in zones with a seismic intensity of XI, a distance to the fault zone of between 0 and 25 km, a slope between 25A degrees and 50A degrees, and an altitude of between 1,000 m and 1,800 m. 2) Different structural engineering measures play different roles and effects in controlling different types and scales of secondary mountain hazards. 3) With a secondary mountain hazard area of 128.1 km(2) and an areal density of 34.9%, medium, high and very high hazard zones accounted for 74% of the study area and were located on the high, steep slopes along both sides of the highway. The low hazard zone was located mainly in the valley floor, on gentle slope platforms and at locations 1.5 km away from the highway ? the hazard area was 45 km(2) and the areal density was 3.3%. 4) The methodology for hazard assessment of secondary mountain hazards, which is based on five factors, solves such key technical problems as the selection of assessment units, multi-source data fusion, and the weight calculation for each assessment index. This study provides a new and more effective method for assessing secondary mountain hazards along highways, and the proposed models fit well with validation data and field observations. The findings were applied to reconstruction and disaster mitigation in the case of the Du-Wen Highway and proved to be feasible.
KeywordSecondary Hazards Landslide Debris Flow Hazard Assessment Dujiangyan-wenchuan Highway
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
WOS Subject ExtendedEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
Indexed BySCI
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000330783100005
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China(40901273) ; Key Laboratory of Special Environment Road Engineering of Hunan Province (Changsha University of Science and Technology)(kfj120404) ; Western China Communication Science and Technology Projection(2008-318-221-56) ; Graduate Innovation Foundation of Hunan University of Science and Technology(S120033 ; S120034)
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Cited Times:4[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
CollectionJournal of Mountain Science_Journal of Mountain Science-2014_Vol11 No.1
Affiliation1.Hunan Univ Sci & Technol, Hunan Prov Engn Lab Geospatial Informat, Xiangtan 411201, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Remote Sensing & Digital Earth, Beijing 100094, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Mt Hazards & Environm, Chengdu 610041, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Han Yong-shun,Dong Shao-kun,Chen Zheng-chao,et al. Assessment of secondary mountain hazards along a section of the Dujiangyan-Wenchuan highway[J]. JOURNAL OF MOUNTAIN SCIENCE,2014,11(1):51-65.
APA Han Yong-shun,Dong Shao-kun,Chen Zheng-chao,Hu Kai-heng,Su Feng-huan,&Huang Peng.(2014).Assessment of secondary mountain hazards along a section of the Dujiangyan-Wenchuan highway.JOURNAL OF MOUNTAIN SCIENCE,11(1),51-65.
MLA Han Yong-shun,et al."Assessment of secondary mountain hazards along a section of the Dujiangyan-Wenchuan highway".JOURNAL OF MOUNTAIN SCIENCE 11.1(2014):51-65.
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