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Simulating cold regions hydrological processes using a modular model in the west of China
Zhou, Jian1; Pomeroy, John W.2; Zhang, Wei1; Cheng, Guodong1; Wang, Genxu3; Chen, Chong4
Corresponding AuthorPomeroy, John W.
AbstractThe Cold Regions Hydrological Model platform (CRHM), a flexible object-oriented modeling system, was devised to simulate cold regions hydrological processes and predict streamflow by its capability to compile cold regions process modules into purpose-built models. In this study, the cold regions hydrological processes of two basins in western China were evaluated using CRHM models: Binggou basin, a high alpine basin where runoff is mainly caused by snowmelt, and Zuomaokong basin, a steppe basin where the runoff is strongly affected by soil freezing/thawing. The flexibility and modular structure of CRHM permitted model structural intercomparison and process falsification within the same model framework to evaluate the importance of snow energy balance, blowing snow and frozen soil infiltration processes to successful modeling in the cold regions of western China. Snow accumulation and ablation processes were evaluated at Binggou basin by testing and comparing similar models that contained different levels of complexity of snow redistribution and ablation modules. The comparison of simulated snow water equivalent with observations shows that the snow accumulation/ablation processes were simulated much better using an uncalibrated, physically based energy balance snowmelt model rather than with a calibrated temperature index snowmelt model. Simulated seasonal snow sublimation loss was 138 mm water equivalent in the alpine region of Binggou basin, which accounts for 47 % of 291 mm water equivalent of snowfall, and half of this sublimation loss is attributed to 70 mm water equivalent of sublimation from blowing snow particles. Further comparison of simulated results through falsification of different snow processes reveals that estimating blowing snow transport processes and sublimation loss is vital for accurate snowmelt runoff calculations in this region. The model structure with the energy balance snowmelt and blowing snow components performed well in reproducing the measured streamflow using minimal calibration, with R-2 of 0.83 and NSE of 0.76. The influence of frozen soil and its thaw on runoff generation was investigated at Zuomaokong basin by comparing streamflow simulated by similar CRHM models with and without an infiltration to frozen soil algorithm. The comparison of simulated streamflow with observation shows that the model which included an algorithm describing frozen soil infiltration simulated the main runoff events for the spring thawing period better than that which used an unfrozen infiltration routine, with R-2 of 0.87 and NSE of 0.79. Overall, the test results for the two basins show that hydrological models that use appropriate cold regions algorithms and a flexible spatial structure can predict cold regions hydrological processes and streamflow with minimal calibration and can even perform better than more heavily calibrated models in this region. Given that CRHM and most of its algorithms were developed in western Canada, this is encouraging for predicting hydrology in ungauged cold region basins around the world. (C) 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
KeywordCold Regions Hydrological Process Crhm Prediction In Ungauged basIns Snow Sublimation Frozen Soils Western China
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Technology ; Physical Sciences
WOS Subject ExtendedEngineering ; Geology ; Water Resources
Indexed BySCI
WOS SubjectEngineering, Civil ; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary ; Water Resources
WOS IDWOS:000331662800002
Funding OrganizationChinese Academy of Sciences(KZZD-EW-13-04) ; NSFC (National Science Foundation of China)(91125023 ; Canada Research Chair Program ; CFCAS (Canadian Foundation for Climate and Atmospheric Sciences) ; NSERC (Natural Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada) ; 40925002)
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Cited Times:43[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Cold & Arid Reg Environm & Engn Res Inst, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, Peoples R China
2.Univ Saskatchewan, Ctr Hydrol, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5C8, Canada
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Mt Hazards & Environm, Key Lab Terr Proc Mountainous Reg & Ecol Cont, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan, Peoples R China
4.Lanzhou Univ, Sch Informat Sci & Engn, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Zhou, Jian,Pomeroy, John W.,Zhang, Wei,et al. Simulating cold regions hydrological processes using a modular model in the west of China[J]. JOURNAL OF HYDROLOGY,2014,509:13-24.
APA Zhou, Jian,Pomeroy, John W.,Zhang, Wei,Cheng, Guodong,Wang, Genxu,&Chen, Chong.(2014).Simulating cold regions hydrological processes using a modular model in the west of China.JOURNAL OF HYDROLOGY,509,13-24.
MLA Zhou, Jian,et al."Simulating cold regions hydrological processes using a modular model in the west of China".JOURNAL OF HYDROLOGY 509(2014):13-24.
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