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川中丘陵区高富集氮、磷沟渠植物的筛选
Alternative TitleThe screening of high nitrogen and phosphorus enrichment ditch plants in the Hilly Area of Central Sichuan Basin
赵原1,2; 汪涛1; 王彦1; 朱波1
Corresponding Author汪涛
2015
Source Publication环境污染与防治
ISSN1001-3865
Volume37Issue:10Pages:12-16
Other Abstract选择7种川中丘陵区常见沟渠植物(酸模、菖蒲、黑麦草、水芋、美人蕉、水蓼、野薄荷)作为研究对象,盆栽试验研究了不同植物对氮、磷的吸收能力,以期筛选出适应川中丘陵区沟渠生长的高富集氮磷植物。结果表明,所选用的其中6种植物在试验中均生长良好,但野薄荷在高氮、磷浓度的水体中生长受限。生长50天后,各种植物的地上部生物量在0.43~1.38 kg/m2之间,以美人蕉地上部生物量最大,菖蒲最小。7种植物地上部植株氮、磷含量分别在4.50~14.35 g/kg和0.80~2.15 g/kg之间(以干重为基础),植物地上部植株氮、磷吸收量分别在2.88~15.66 g/m20.48~2.04 g/m2之间。总的来说,7种植物均有一定的氮、磷吸收能力,其中以美人蕉和水芋对氮、磷的吸收效果最好。
关键词:氮磷;富集;沟渠;乡土植物;筛选
; Seven local ditch plant species ( Rumex L., Acorus calamus L., L.perenne, Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schoot, Canna indica L., Polygonum hydropiper, and Mentha haplocalyx Briq.) were selected to test their nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) uptake abilities for the ditch system in the Hilly Area of Central Sichuan Basin. Results showed that six of the seven species were able to grow well under the designed water N and P concentrations during the experimental period. The growth of Mentha haplocalyx Briq was constrained by the high water N and P concentrations. Aboveground biomass of the seven plant species ranged from 0.43 kg/m2 to 1.38 kg/m2 over a 50-day growth period, with the highest and lowest aboveground biomass for Canna indica L. and Acorus calamus L., respectively. The plant N contents ranged from 4.50 g/kg to 14.35 g/kg and plant P contents ranged from 0.80 g/kg to 2.15 g/kg, and the corresponding plant N and P uptakes were in the range of 2.88~15.66 g/m2 and 0.48~2.04 g/m2, respectively. Overall, Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schoot and Canna indica L. have the greatest plant N and P uptake ability across the seven investigated species
Keyword氮磷 富集 沟渠 乡土植物 筛选
Subject AreaX173
DOI10.15985/j.cnki.1001-3865.2015.10.003
Indexed ByCSCD ; 北大中文核心
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:5560653
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金资助项目(No.41371462) ; 中国科学院西部行动计划项目(No.KZCX2-XB3-09) ; 中国科学院西部之光重点项目
Citation statistics
Cited Times:5[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/9994
Collection山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
Affiliation1.中国科学院成都山地灾害与环境研究所,成都,610041
2.中国科学院研究生院,北京,100049
First Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
赵原,汪涛,王彦,等. 川中丘陵区高富集氮、磷沟渠植物的筛选[J]. 环境污染与防治,2015,37(10):12-16.
APA 赵原,汪涛,王彦,&朱波.(2015).川中丘陵区高富集氮、磷沟渠植物的筛选.环境污染与防治,37(10),12-16.
MLA 赵原,et al."川中丘陵区高富集氮、磷沟渠植物的筛选".环境污染与防治 37.10(2015):12-16.
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